For some people with diabetes, a healthy diet and plenty of physical activity is enough to control blood glucose; for others, oral medications and injections work well. The medication that people with diabetes use to manage glucose levels depends on what they eat, their level of physical activity and their weight.
Medications to treat Type 2 diabetes help the body to produce more of its own insulin; produce a feeling of fullness after meals; and slow down the movement of food through the stomach.
- Short- acting human insulin
- Intermediate acting human insulin
- Premixed insulin
- Analog insulins
- It is important to rotate your site to get the best benefit from the insulin.
- Do not use the same spot on a particular site to inject insulin. Injecting the same spot can cause small hard lumps that can affect the way insulin is absorbed thus affecting blood glucose control.
- The best places to inject are the abdomen, buttocks and outer thigh as they have a layer of fat below the skin and not too many nerves.
- Massaging the site before or after injection may speed up absorption of insulin and so, is not recommended.
- Exercise can also increase the rate at which insulin is absorbed in the body. So, don’t inject the part you are going to exercise. If you do, wait at least 45 minutes before starting.
- Use a new spot within a chosen site each time. Move around within the chosen site keeping at least one finger distance from the last injection.
- Move in the same direction.
- It can lower blood glucose levels so make sure you know what to do in case of a hypo.
- Be careful when you drive
- Control portion sizes as insulin can add on weight
- Consult your dietitian for a good diet plan and learn how to count carbs.