Here is another reason for you to control your blood glucose level - you run the risk of developing oral complications.
People with uncontrolled diabetes are more prone to oral disorders such as
- Dry mouth( xerostomia )
- Taste impairment,
- Painless swelling of the parotid salivary glands on both sides of the face (sialosis)
- Yeast or fungal infection (oral candidosis) and
- Inflammation of mucous membranes inside the mouth (oral lichen planus)
In general, gum disease may increase the risk of serious health problems such as heart attack, stroke and diabetes. Inflammation that starts in the mouth weakens the body’s ability to control blood sugar, while high blood sugar provides ideal conditions for infection to flourish.
People with diabetes produce less saliva. Saliva is very important for oral health. Saliva removes food particles and neutralizes acids produced by bacteria in the mouth. It also helps to prevent the growth of microbes that cause disease. It prevents the build-up of plaque. Plaque increases the risk of periodontal disease and dental caries in people with diabetes. Saliva flow can be increased by chewing non- sugar gum. Another way of keeping the mouth moist is by sipping water regularly.
Good oral health depends on one’s personal hygiene habits and on regular visits to the dentist.
Early detection and treatment of dental caries, periodontal disease and other diseases will protect from harmful oral complications associated with diabetes.
To protect your oral health, practice good oral hygiene every day.
- Brush your teeth at least twice a day.
- Floss daily.
- Rinse your mouth after each meal.
- Eat a healthy diet and limit snacking between meals.
- Replace your toothbrush every three to four months or sooner if bristles are frayed.
- Go for regular dental check- ups.